10 Facts: Lesotho
Here are some facts about Lesotho:
- Lesotho (formerly Basutoland) gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
- The country has a population of about 2 million people.
- Over 220,000 people live in Lesotho’s capital Maseru (which was founded in 1869)
- About 40% of the country’s population live below the poverty line (on less than $1.25 a day). It’s one of the poorest countries in the world.
- Lesotho became a British protectorate in 1868 (after the Basotho war against the Boers of the Orange Free State).
- Lesotho is the only independent state in the world that lies entirely above 1,400 metres (4,593 feet). Over 80% of Lesotho lies above 1,800 metres (5,906 feet).
- The loti is the currency of the Kingdom of Lesotho.
- The country is governed by a parliamentary system and constitutional monarchy. King Letsie III is the current king of Lesotho and Pakalitha Mosisili is the prime minister of the country.
- Lesotho is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), the United Nations (UN), the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth of Nations.
- Lesotho is the Southernmost landlocked country in the world.
Watch this space for more 10 facts posts on Running Wolf’s Rant. If I’ve left out any important facts about Lesotho, please comment on this post.